Knee ligaments connect the thighbone to the bones of the lower leg. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) connects the femur to the tibia and prevents the leg from over-extending inwards; it also helps stabilize the knee and allows it to rotate.
What causes it?
MCL injuries are often a result of a strong force hitting the outside of the knee. Another cause is repeated stress, where an MCL will lose elasticity like a worn-out rubber band.
How do you know you have it?
Symptoms of an MCL injury:
- Pain or tenderness, along the inside of the knee
How we fix it
The OSI orthopedic team is here to listen, discuss your concerns, and examine you for signs and symptoms of an MCL injury. Our goal is to restore knee function so you can enjoy the activities you love. While under our expert care, you may undergo the following:
- Physical exam: Your doctor will discuss your symptoms and general medical history, then check the structures of the injured knee.
- X-rays: X-rays can reveal the presence of an associated fracture.
- MRI: An MRI can better show the location and severity of a tear.
MCL injuries seldom require surgery: Conservative treatments include:
- Physical therapy
Your OSI physician may recommend surgery if the MCL injury is severe or associated with other ligament injuries.